9th Grade Legacy of Western Thought (LOWT) is The course is divided into three thematic areas; European history from the Middle Ages through the Enlightenment (with an emphasis on how early European thought influenced the world as we know it today, American Civics and Democracy (with an emphasis on how the Enlightened philosophers of Western Europe influenced our current republican form of government), and European History from the French Revolution through 19th century nationalism (with an emphasis on socio-political change and the development of representative republics).